2015 Nepal Earthquake

About the Crisis

Nepal Earthquake

In April 2015, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck approximately 48 miles northwest of Nepal’s capital city of Kathmandu. The earthquake and subsequent aftershocks—including a magnitude 7.3 earthquake on May 12—resulted in nearly 9,000 deaths, damaged or destroyed more than 887,000 houses, and caused widespread damage to public infrastructure, including water systems and health facilities.

Within hours of the seismic event, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance deployed a Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART)—including urban search-and-rescue (USAR) specialists—to Nepal.

USAID provided 6,200 rolls of heavy-duty plastic sheeting for the Nepal earthquake response, which is enough to help up to 310,000 people with emergency shelter needs in advance of the monsoon season. USAID chartered 10 cargo planes over three weeks to deliver more than 300 tons of critical supplies. In addition, USAID purchased and airlifted emergency medical supplies to Nepal—including enough medication, surgical instruments, sterilization materials, gloves, and basic medical items—to help 40,000 people for three months. USAID DART urban search-and-rescue teams helped pull a 15-year-old boy out of the rubble in north Kathmandu, five days after the earthquake hit Nepal.

The DART demobilized on June 9, 2015, but USAID disaster experts remain in Nepal.

USAID remains committed to supporting earthquake recovery efforts in Nepal, including earthquake-resistant infrastructure and reconstruction, food security and livelihoods, and the protection of vulnerable populations.

For more information on the U.S. government response to the 2015 Nepal Earthquake, visit www.usaid.gov/crisis/nepal.

Details About the 2015 Nepal Earthquake Response


USAID created the Center for International Disaster Information (CIDI) in 1988 one month after Hurricane Gilbert made landfall as a Category 5 storm that affected 10 countries. An outpouring of unsolicited donations took up space needed to stage and deliver life-saving relief supplies, and USAID and other responders spent valuable time managing unneeded clothing, expired medicine, and other non-critical items. USAID established the Center to educate the public about the advantages of giving monetary donations to relief organizations and the downside of donating unsolicited material goods www.cidi.org. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) leads and coordinates the U.S. government’s humanitarian assistance efforts overseas, responding to an average of 65 disasters in more than 50 countries every year. Learn More About USAID/OFDA

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