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On November 8, Typhoon Yolanda/Haiyan made landfall in the central Philippines, triggering heavy rains that caused widespread flooding and landslides, particularly in East Samar and Leyte provinces. As of November 11, Typhoon Yolanda/Haiyan had caused at least 1,774 deaths, affected an estimated 9.7 million people, and damaged or destroyed approximately 23,200 houses, as well as public infrastructure and agricultural land, across 41 provinces, according to the NDRRMC. However, local officials project that the typhoon killed an estimated 10,000 people in Leyte Province alone, where storm surges reached 13 feet and sustained winds surpassed approximately 175 miles per hour, according to international media.
The Philippines is susceptible to a number of natural hazards, particularly typhoons, floods, landslides, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. Since 2004, the US Agency for International Development’s Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) has responded to 18 disaster events in the Philippines.
USAID Haiyan Page
Fact Sheet: U.S. Response to Typhoon Haiyan
About USAID CIDI: USAID created the Center for International Disaster Information (CIDI) in 1988, one month after Hurricane Gilbert made landfall as a Category 5 storm that affected 10 countries. An outpouring of unsolicited donations took up space needed to stage and deliver life-saving relief supplies, and USAID and other responders spent valuable time managing unneeded clothing, expired medicine, and other non-critical items. USAID established the Center to educate the public about the advantages of giving monetary donations to relief organizations and the downside of donating unsolicited material goods.