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South Sudan Crisis

Background

Since gaining independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, South Sudan has confronted a number of humanitarian challenges, including population movements and returnee integration. Ongoing conflict in Sudan’s Two Areas of Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan continues to result in refugee flows into South Sudan, straining scarce resources. Lingering effects from more than 20 years of north-south conflict, poverty, and continued tension with Sudan—which led to a cessation of oil exports in 2012 that damaged South Sudan’s economy—compounded the humanitarian situation. Confronting deteriorating economic conditions, populations are less able to cope with shocks and increasingly rely on the humanitarian community for basic food and non-food assistance.

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Key Developments

The security situation in South Sudan remains volatile, following clashes that erupted in the capital city, Juba, between factions within the Government of the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) on December 15. Due to the unrest, the U.S. Embassy in Juba ordered the departure of non-emergency U.S. Government (USG) personnel from South Sudan. Clashes have displaced approximately 34,000 people to U.N. Mission bases located in Juba and Bor town, Jonglei State.

On December 20, USAID/OFDA activated a Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) to lead the USG response to the developing crisis in South Sudan. USAID/OFDA also stood up a Washington, D.C.-based Response Management Team (RMT) to support the DART.

More Information

Additional background info can be found on USAID/OFDA’s South Sudan web page at:

USAID South Sudan Crisis

 

USAID CIDI: USAID created the Center for International Disaster Information (CIDI) in 1988 one month after Hurricane Gilbert made landfall as a Category 5 storm that affected 10 countries. An outpouring of unsolicited donations took up space needed to stage and deliver life-saving relief supplies, and USAID and other responders spent valuable time managing unneeded clothing, expired medicine, and other non-critical items. USAID established the Center to educate the public about the advantages of giving monetary donations to relief organizations and the downside of donating unsolicited material goods.

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